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Past Projects Serving Delaware

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  • ​​A Collaborative Plan to Reduce Irresponsible Drinking at the University of Delaware
    • Funding Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    • Project Summary: This project sought to demonstrate and evaluate new means of changing policies, practices, and student attitudes and norms regarding binge drinking and its consequences.
  • State Illicit Drugs Surveillance System
    • Funding Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    • Project Summary: The goal of the study was to identify and track the policies and environmental and macro-structural factors most related to illicit drug use among youth.  The study quantified, at a state level, various policies, environmental strategies, and structural factors that could impact the initiation and prevalence of illicit drug use and its consequences among youth.
  • Tri-City Study of Club Drug Use, Abuse and Dependence
    • Funding Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the Delaware Department of Education and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • Project Summary: This study was designed to examine the psychometric properties of, and the sources of unreliability in identifying abuse of and dependence on, club drugs: MDMA (ecstasy), ketamine, GHB and rohypnol.
    • Tri-City Study of Ecstasy Use Problems- A Latent Class Analysis.pdf​ ​​
  • Measures of Juvenile Delinquency Project: Integrating Individual Level and Aggregate Data
    • Funding Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
    • Project Summary: This project used student-level data collected by CDAS through the Delaware School Surveys and aggregate data from schools and districts, along with other archival data collected by state agencies to create a model at the state level for collection, analysis, integration and dissemination of data pertaining to juvenile self-reported drug use and delinquency.​
  • Making Over Substance Abuse Interventions on Campus: The MOSAIC Project
    • Funding Source: U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services' Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
    • Project Summary: During the 2007-2008 academic year, the Office of Judicial Affairs and Wellspring identified a group of students who violated the University’s Alcohol Policy but did not meet the criteria for counseling and/or an educational intervention. Clients came from three areas: 1) judicial referrals; 2) outreach to Greeks and athletes; and 3) open assessments. The offices agreed that a brief intervention would serve as an appropriate means of exploring the drinking patterns of these students along with an opportunity to discuss the benefits of modifying their drinking behavior. These brief interventions consisted of an hour-long information session about the risks of using alcohol and provided resources for students regarding alcohol use and abuse. Students were interviewed at the time of the brief intervention regarding alcohol and drug use, family and living situation, mental health issues, and criminal behavior. Students were also encouraged to participate in a 6-month follow-up survey.
  • University/Schools Alliance (USA)
    • Funding Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention through the Delaware Department of Highway Safety
    • Project Summary: University/Schools Alliance is a community coalition consisting of schools, state and community agencies, parents and youth supported by a Drug Free Communities Support Program grant from the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) and managed by the U.S. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). An outgrowth of the Building Responsibility Coalition funded by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation grant to the University of Delaware and the City of Newark to reduce binge drinking and its consequences among college students, USA staff and members provide information, training, programming and support services to New Castle County schools and communities to reduce alcohol and other drug use by students.
  • Coordinated Approach To Child Health
    • Funding Source: Nemours Health and Prevention Services 
    • Project Summary: Nemours Health and Prevention Services contracted with the Center for Drug & Alcohol Studies to assist with the evaluation of Coordinated Approach to Child Health (CATCH) implementation in Delaware.  CATCH is a program used to promote physical activity, healthy eating, and overall healthy school environments.  Over the past few years, Nemours and the Delaware Department of Education have conducted several different CATCH trainings across the state.  This evaluation will assess how CATCH implementation is going, and also determine if there are other supports that can be provided to schools. The CATCH implementation evaluation involves online surveys and on site observations.  The observations are being completed in PE classes for 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th & 8th graders at a sample of elementary and middle schools in Delaware.  CDAS observers are using a standardized protocol, System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT), which provides data on the amount of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity that students participate in during PE class.  These observations are designed to be non-intrusive, and they do not require the teachers or school to do anything different than they would usually do.
  • Day Care Survey Administration for NPHS Healthy Practice Study

    • Funding Source: Nemours Health and Prevention Services
    • Project Summary: In response to the health care community’s concerns about increasing levels of childhood obesity, Nemours Health and Prevention Services (NHPS) has designed and implemented interventions aimed at creating policy and practice changes among Early Care and Education Providers to support and encourage healthy eating and physical activity among younger children in child care settings.   To evaluate the impact of NHPS’ interventions at the child care provider level, it is necessary to assess the congruence, or degree of agreement, between awareness, policies, and practices among child care providers.  It is believed that those centers that have been working with NHPS will have a much higher congruence between awareness, policies, and practices than those that have not been reached through one or more of NHPS’ child care interventions. 

South Florida Portfolio

  • ​​HIV/AIDS Community Outreach in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: This cooperative effort involving the Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies at the University of Delaware, the Comprehensive Drug Research Center at the University of Miami School of Medicine, and the Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Atencao ao Uso de Dogas, a non-profit drug treatment and research center affiliated with the State University of Rio de Janeiro aim was to establish HIV/AIDS surveillance and monitoring system in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to develop, implement, and evaluate a community-based HIV/AIDS prevention/intervention program for drug users in the target area.
    • Inciardi, James A., Hilary A. Surratt, and Paulo R. Zelles. 2000. Sex, Drugs and HIV/AIDS in Brazil. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    • Cross-Cultural Approaches to Harm Reduction Research- Some Considerations on the Brazil Experience.pdf​ 
  • Women Protecting Women: Brief Interventions for Drug-Using Women Sex Workers
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The “Women Protecting Women Project” was designed to develop and evaluate a peer-led model of HIV/HBV risk reduction for drug-involved female sex workers in Miami, Florida.
  • Cross-National Survey of Pharmaceutical Diversion
    • Funding Source: Purdue Pharma
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: This project was designed to collect basic incidence data on the nature and extent of the diversion of numerous drugs with high potential for abuse, including alprazolam, buprenorphine, carisoprodol, diazepam, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, morphine, OxyContin, and other forms of oxycodone; and, in-depth data on diversion, patterns and mechanisms of diversion, and characteristics of diverters from the identified sentinel locations.
  • HIV/AIDS Prevention Research in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: This project was designed to collect both epidemiological data on HIV risk behaviors, and qualitative data on the context of HIV risk, in order to develop culturally appropriate prevention/interventions for drug and alcohol involved women and men in St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands.
  • Men Reaching Out to Other Men: Developing a Mixed Serostatus Group Intervention for Gay and Bisexual Men
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The aims of the study were to develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of a small group intervention aimed at reducing drug use and HIV sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men.
  • The South Beach Project: Prescription Drug Abuse Among Club Drug Users
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The short-term objectives of this project are to describe the nature of prescription drug abuse/club drug use and their adverse consequences in the Miami club culture. A broader long-term goal is to develop a better understanding of the current patterns and consequences of the abuse of prescription drugs and their incursion into the club culture, in order that effective strategies and policies may be developed for reducing the abuse and diversion of these drugs in Miami and other communities.
  • Risk Reduction for Urban Substance Using MSM
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: This study aims to test a new intervention based upon psychological empowerment theory that, in preliminary field tests, produced high levels of acceptability and participation, as well as large reductions in sexual risks and substance use, among a sample of high risk, substance-using, socially isolated men who have sex with men (MSM).
  • Understanding the Scope and Magnitude of Prescription Drug Diversion
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The goal of this project is to examine and describe the complex of mechanisms and players that connect illicit supplies of prescription drugs (diversion) to abusers in South Florida from three vantage points: 1) prescription drug abusers, 2) prescription drug dealers, and 3) law enforcement.
  • The Diversion of Antiretroviral Medications to Street Markets
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The overall goals of this 4-year study are to examine the patterns and predictors of ARV diversion among drug-involved HIV-positive individuals in Miami, Florida, and to describe the dynamics of ARV medication diversion to local street markets.
  • Women Protecting Women: Case Management Alternatives for African-American Women at High Risk for HIV
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: The second phase of the Women Protecting Women project is testing innovative case management approaches designed to increase linkages and engagement with drug abuse treatment, HIV-related care, and other health services among an underserved population of drug-using African American women sex workers.
  • Drug Use and Abuse in the Brazilian Rave Culture
    • Funding Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • Contact Person: Dr. Steven Kurtz (steven.kurtz@nova.edu)
    • Project Summary: This study was funded as an extension of the South Beach Project, with the goal of examining the marked increase in ecstasy use that is now occurring in many parts of Brazil.

 

Delaware’s Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF SIG)
  • Laura Rapp, Principal Investigator
  • Steven S. Martin, Lead Evaluator 
  • Sharon Merriman-Nai, SEOW Coordinator
  • Brandie Pugh, Graduate Research Assistant
  • Initiated: July 1, 2009; Funding Source: SAMHSA through Delaware Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health

The purpose of the Strategic Prevention Framework – State Incentive Grant (SPF-SIG) is to institutionalize the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) throughout the state to develop and enhance Delaware’s substance abuse prevention system.  The SPF-SIG is built on a community-based approach to prevention and a series of implementation principles.  The goals of the SPF-SIG initiative are to provide funding to State in order to: (1) Prevent onset and reduce the progression of substance abuse, including childhood and underage drinking; (2) Reduce substance abuse-related problems; and (3) Building prevention capacity and infrastructure at the state and community level.

The goals of the Delaware SPF-SIG Evaluation parallel the goal of the SPF-SIG project as a whole.  The first is to develop and implement an integrated community and statewide level evaluation system for the SPF initiative that can 1) assist in the planning and monitoring of policies and programs and 2) measure changes in alcohol related consumption, patterns and consequences that can be attributed to DE SPF-SIG efforts. A second but equally important goal is to measure increases in community capacity and infrastructure which will enable the state and communities to address substance abuse problems beyond SPF-SIG. In terms of the specific Community Evaluation goals and objective, it is that the Community Evaluation Team assist and evaluates the SPF-SIG Contractors as they work through the 5 steps of the SPF-SIG, assessment, capacity, planning, implementation, and evaluation.   The Team also provides training and technical assistance to the contractors to ensure that the best data possible were tracked and collected.  All federal requirements were fulfilled.  The Evaluation Team, working with the SPF-SIG Staff, also ensure that all federal reporting requirements are fulfilled, this include the Grantee level Instrument, Community Level Instrument, Community Outcomes, and the Participant Level Instrument. 

CET-SPF-SIG Project-Final Evaluation Report.pdf

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Past Projects Serving Delaware
  • Center for Drug & Health Studies
  • 257 E. Main Street Suite 110
  • University of Delaware
  • Newark, DE 19716, USA
  • Phone: 302-831-6107
  • cdhs-research@udel.edu